Title : Forest Conservation Act
The Forest (Conservation) Act of 1980 was intended to prevent indiscriminate diversion of forest land. The act's goal is to restrict the use of forest land for non-forest purposes. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 is an Act of the Parliament of India that provides for the conservation of forests and things associated with, ancillary to, or incidental to that conservation. It was updated again in 1988. This law applies to the entire country of India. It was adopted by the Indian Parliament to restrict future deforestation of forest areas in India. On October 25, 1980, the act went into effect. There are five sections to it. Based on a review of many cases, the paper examines the Act's provisions, ramifications, and execution. The consequences of non-compliance with requirements set in the approval given under FCA have also been thoroughly investigated. The conversion of non-forest land to forest land, with compensatory afforestation in lieu of diverted forest area, and subsequent designation of such property as 'Forest' is a serious difficulty. The carbon stock in forests comprises both biomass and soil carbon pools. Aboveground and belowground biomass, as well as dead organic materials, can be separated from biomass carbon. This ultimately violates the Act's objective, which was to compensate for the loss of forest area. The Forest (Conservation) Act of 1980 is a one-of-a-kind piece of law and regulatory system that expresses the nation's collective commitment to safeguard its rich biodiversity and natural heritage by allowing only unavoidable usage of forest land.