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Agri 2024

Pradip Thapa

Pradip Thapa, Speaker at Agri Conferences
Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Nepal
Title : Policy provisions, status and gaps for registration and maintenance of farmers’ varieties in Nepal

Abstract:

In Nepal, there are three main types of seed systems: formal, informal, and non-formal. However, about 95% of farm households in the Nepal Himalayas rely on informal sources for their seed requirements, using their own locally adapted seeds or obtaining seeds from neighbors and relatives. Farmers' own saved seeds are the primary source of seeds, with exchange of germplasm being another means of fulfilling their seed requirements. The three main crop varieties adopted in Nepal are formal varieties, Participatory Plant Breeding (PPB) varieties, and farmers' varieties, which are traditionally cultivated and evolved by farmers in their fields. These farmers' varieties are genetically and phenotypically diverse, adapted to local environmental conditions, and associated with traditional farming systems. In 1997, Nepal formulated seed regulations which was revised in 2013, with four provisions for the release and registration of crop varieties. Since then, 19 farmers' varieties have been registered in the national catalogue, with 16 varieties registered under Schedule D, a farmer-friendly format for varietal registration application. Despite this progress, there are still policy gaps and challenges that need to be addressed to promote the registration and maintenance of farmers' varieties. Clear guidelines and a coordinated approach involving collaboration between farmers, government agencies, NGOs, and other stakeholders are necessary to support the conservation of crop genetic diversity, improve food security and livelihoods, and enhance the resilience of farming systems to climate change and other challenges.

Keywords: Guidelines, Non-formal, Resilience, Schedule, Traditional

Biography:

 Mr. Pradip Thapa completed my master’s degree in plant science with specialization in genetics and plant breeding from Agriculture and Forestry University. He maintained a GPA of 3.9 out of 4 during my master’s program. During this time, he had done research on seed protein diversity assessment and agro-morphological characterization among soybean accessions and able to identify high protein contained soybean genotypes i.e., PK-7394 which contain 44% seed protein.  He is currently working as a plant breeder in the National Agriculture Genetic Resources Centre under Nepal Agricultural Research Council. At this time, he is involved in molecular characterization, conservation and breeding of local crops. He published more than 10 research papers in national and international journals.

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