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Agri 2022

Plant Factory and Vertical Farming: A review

Sama Rahimi Devin

Sama Rahimi Devin, Speaker at Agriculture Conference
Department of Horticultural Science, Shiraz University, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Title : Plant Factory and Vertical Farming: A review

Abstract:

According to the scenarios that indicate the concentration of carbon dioxide will increase from 380 ppm now to 730 ppm in 2090-2099, this will lead to increased ozone depletion and warming of the atmosphere. Also, the temperature will increase by 4-1.8 ° C by 2099, which will cause the polar glaciers to melt and the sea level to rise between 26-59 cm. As a result, people will be forced to migrate from underwater areas, and the likelihood of armed conflict will increase 3-5 times. After this, for example, in Japan, post-earthquake radioactive contamination also becomes a threat to sustainable production. Also, producing pesticide-free products has been a human dream. The world's population is expected to increase from 3.6 billion in 2011 to 6.3 billion in 2050. Supply chains for food supply must be expanded. Therefore, to find solutions to these problems in the future, humans must look for solutions to develop environmentally friendly production techniques and technologies to be able to protect the environment. It has been suggested that urban agriculture can provide local production of fresh vegetables. One of the proposed solutions is the use of closed production systems such as plant factories and vertical farm.

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