Agri 2022

Diet and Lifestyle Modification for Obesity Management

Hafiza madiha Jaffar

Hafiza madiha Jaffar, Speaker at Agriculture Conference
University of Lahore, Pakistan
Title : Diet and Lifestyle Modification for Obesity Management

Abstract:

Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. It is a major medical problem that increases the risk of other diseases and health problems such as diabetes. It is a common growing health issue among young adults in developed countries as well as in developing countries due to unhealthy lifestyle. So, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of nutraceuticals and specific diet in healthy obese people both male and females under the age of 18 to 65 years according to preset inclusion and exclusion criteria with improve the lifestyle as well as to highlight effects of obesity on health and to express nutraceuticals have anti-obesity properties. From results in short term human efficacy trial shows that group T3 (lemongrass-diet plan) were maximum weight reduced (10.52kg) as compared to other treatments T4 (green tea-diet plan), T2 (kalwanji-diet plan), T1 (cinnamon-diet plan) and T0 (only diet plan as a control) as 9.08, 6.84, 6.54 and 4.9 kg, respectively. Same trend was observed for BMI, the treatment T3 exhibited maximum decline (4.18 kg/m2) in body mass index (BMI) than others T4, T2, T1 and T0 as 3.4, 2.56, 2.41 and 1.9 kg/m2, respectively. In addition, the same trend was also observed for anthropometric and biochemical analysis such as RFT, LFT, CBC, lipid profile and blood glucose. Moreover, all anthropometric measurements were significant while in biochemical analysis sodium and chloride were non-significant. Furthermore, in LFT, AST and ALT were significant while others were non-significant. It was deduced that nutraceuticals and dietary intervention has good point to deal with the weight management and weight reduction. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate the nutraceuticals and dietary intakes of Pakistani adults with the obesity indicators.

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