Agri 2022

Bangladesh agricultures environmental economy with food security and sustainability

Haragobinda Baidya

Haragobinda Baidya, Speaker at Agriculture Conferences 2022
Minority Self Empowerment Foundation, Bangladesh
Title : Bangladesh agricultures environmental economy with food security and sustainability

Abstract:

The natural disaster is the common phenomenon are in Bangladesh. In geographical location and rapidly climate change are the major problems for Bangladesh. Climate is changing continuously which making lots of unexpected changes in all sectors of agriculture, food security and sustainability. Agriculture is the largest economic and employment sector accounting for 23 percent of its gross domestic product and 65% of its labor forces. It has a total land area of 14,570 km2, with cultivated land accounting for 60% of the total land area. The population is still growing at a 1.37 percent annual rate, but cultivated land is shrinking at the same time. The agricultural land is being converted as a result of uncontrolled urbanization, industrialization, and an increase in human activity. Modern sustainable agricultural methods approach to agricultural innovations and farming practices that increase farmers’ efficiency and reduce the use of natural resources. This study uses secondary information to provide a general view on modern practices used in Bangladesh for sustainable agriculture crop diversification, change in cropping pattern and rotations, integrated farming systems, etc. and suggests a sustainable method polyculture and crop rotation based on SWOT and Pestel analysis. This paper recommends that Bangladesh should adopt polyculture and crop rotation more to improve soil health and for higher crop resistance to plant pests that will hedge against a loss in agricultural sustainability. Food Security requires increasing agricultural growth which in turn is a key factor in reducing poverty in the country. Food security also requires increasing agricultural production and protecting consumers. Sustained production increases, in turn, require technology-driven increases in the productivity of crops rice in particular, fisheries and livestock. This is possible through interventions that improve: agricultural research and extension systems to generate and disseminate high yielding varieties and location-specific solutions to production constraints; timely access to quality production inputs, especially seeds and fertilizer; coverage, targeting, and administration of production subsidies especially fertilizer in order to make them efficient and fiscally sustainable; and irrigation and drainage. Increasing the incomes of small and marginal farmers requires promotion of commercial agriculture and agri-business opportunities through: value chain development and value-addition to selected agricultural commodities; improvements in market infrastructure; supporting the development of farmer groups and producer organizations and link them with value chains and markets; and facilitating private sector investment in agri-business development, demand-driven research and extension systems, and rural finance through public-private partnerships. Food safety nets are needed to protect poor and vulnerable consumers but their coverage, targeting, and administration need to be improved. All these interventions will require a right blend of public policies, resources, and participation of public and private sector, and increased technical and administrative capacity of the institutions responsible for agriculture extension, research, food procurement, water management, and safety net management

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