Title : Environmental Health Impact Assessment (EHIA) Process for Prediction and Assessment of Environmental Health Impacts on the Agriculture and Horticulture Environment
This article discusses the environmental health impact assessment (EHIA) process that is for the prediction and assessment of environments health impacts on the agriculture and horticulture environment. “Environmental health impact assessment” (EHIA) process can be defined as the systematic identification and evaluation of the potential health impacts (effects) of proposed projects, plans, programs, policies, or legislation actions, relative to the physicalchemical-biological environments can be referred to as the “natural environment,” or the “bio-physical,” and the cultural , and the socioeconomic environments,” or the “ “man-made environments” of the total environment. The health impacts of projects, plans, programs, policies, or legislative actions should be considered in the decision - making process. Because of the important of these concerns, an environmental health impact assessment (EHIA) process is proposed. EHIA statements referred to as “description of the affected environmental health and ecological environment” or “description of the environmental health setting without the project.” This development of environmental health inventory represents important step to assess and evaluate the health and ecological risks of primary and secondary impacts. The primary purpose of the EHIA process is to encourage the consideration of the environment in planning and decision making and to ultimately arrive at actions which are more environmental healthily compatible. The environmental health inventory serves as the basis for evaluating the potential impacts on the environmental health, both beneficial and adverse, of a proposed action. Therefore, project planning and decision making should include the integrated consideration of technical, economic, environmental, social and other factors. The most important of these considerations can be referred to as “the three Es” (Engineering or technical, economics, and environment) in project planning and decision making. Prior to the EHIA process, technical and economic factors dominated the decision making process. Three of the most significant terms concerned with the EHIA processes’ compliance are “environmental health inventory,” “environmental heath impact assessment” and “environmental health impact assessment”. Environmental health impact assessment (EHIA) process is discussed for seed-cotton ginning, naturally pigmented colour cotton, sustainable plant breeding, CCLC roller ginning process/RCF roller ginning process, and bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis/ Bt cotton, (Bt Genetically modified Seed-Cotton/Kapas) .