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Agri 2022

Do rural women participate in homestead plant biodiversity conservation? A case of Homna upazila under Cumilla district

Safiul Islam Afrad

Safiul Islam Afrad, Speaker at Agriculture Conferences 2022
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh
Title : Do rural women participate in homestead plant biodiversity conservation? A case of Homna upazila under Cumilla district

Abstract:

Rural women are playing a vital role in the conservation of homestead plant biodiversity. Therefore, the main objective guided present study was to assess the extent of women’s participation in homestead plant biodiversity conservation. The study was conducted in five selected villages of Homna upazila under Cumilla district. A total of 120 rural women were selected using proportionate random sampling technique. Data were collected from September to October, 2020 which were coded, compiled, tabulated and analyzed in accordance with the objectives of the study. Statistics such as range, mean, number, percentage, standard deviation were employed throughout the study. Co-efficient of correlation was administered to explore the relationships between homestead plant biodiversity of the respondents and their participation in homestead plant cultivation. Findings reveal that a vital portion (68.0%) of the respondents had educational literacy in medium to large categories family. It is interesting that cent percent of the respondent occupied small to medium sized farm where homestead plant diversity contributed only 9.0 percent to total family income of the respondents. Majority of the respondents (57.5%) had medium contact with different information media having moderate knowledge on homestead plant cultivation. Out of 93 different types of plants recorded in the study area, ladies’ finger (4.92) was the most dominant among the vegetables while mango (4.72) among the fruit trees, mahogany (1.72) among the timber trees, chilies (2.52) among the spices, basil (0.68) among the medicinal plants, henna (0.22) among the ornamental plants. The diversity index of fruit (12.52) was found higher than other type of homestead plants. It was also found that participation of the respondents in homestead plants cultivation activities was 59.0 percent that was higher than their husband’s participation (41.0%). More than half of the respondent spent 2-3 hour/day in homestead plants cultivation activities. Homestead plant biodiversity of the respondents had positive significant relationships with their participation in homestead plant cultivation. Most important problems identified by respondents were high input price, low yield and limited homestead area, respectively in due course of time. Most important suggestion offered by the respondents was the delivery of agricultural input at low cost and easy allotment of loan for homestead cultivation.

Biography:

Dr. Afrad studied Agriculture at the Bangladesh University, and graduated in 1996. He then joined at Patuakhali Science and Technology University as lecturer in the Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development. He then joined as Assistant Professor in the same department at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU), Gazipur, Bangladesh in 2004. He received his PhD degree in 2009 at the same institution. Currently he has been working as Professor and he published more than 90 research articles in different national and international journals.

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