Title : Climate smart agriculture: Through integrated agronomic practices for enhancing the productivity and ensuring food security
Agriculture is extremely vulnerable to climate change .Cultivation of crops across the world must experience an important transformation to meet the coincident challenges of climate change, food insecurity, poverty, undernourishment, and ecological degradation. Global climate is also varying. An increasing worldwide population and changing food habits are driving up the demand for more food. Production is struggling to keep up as crop yields level off in many parts of the world .Across the nations rainfall patterns are set to change. In many areas drought become more common and stronger. Climate change is rising as one of the major threats to development across the globe. Ensuring food safety under changing climate circumstances is one of the main challenges of our period. Most estimates indicate that climate change is likely to reduce agricultural productivity, production stability and revenue of the farmers. The food security challenge will only become more difficult, as the world will need to produce more food about 70 percent by 2050 to feed an approximate 9 billion people. Climate change’s negative impacts are previously being felt, in the form of reduced yields and more frequent extreme weather events, affecting crop yield and livestock alike.
Agriculture is the major income source for the poor people who live in the villages. Developing nations are more prone for Climate change. Resilience is therefore a prime concern. Meeting the dual challenges of achieving food security and responding to climate variability and change will require significant change in agricultural practices in coming years. Climate-smart agriculture takes an ecosystem approach, working at the field level to increase productivity, enhance resilience to changing temperatures and rainfall patterns, and reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change. Climate smart agriculture is an integrated approach that considers the social, economic and environmental context specific to the location .It requires close cooperation between agricultural and business sectors, policy makers and institutions. It also takes into account all dimensions of food security (availability, accessibility, affordability, utilization and stability).