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Elemide Oyebola Adebola

Speaker for Agriculture and Horticulture Conference 2021 - Elemide Oyebola Adebola
Elemide Oyebola Adebola
Federal College of Agriculture Akure Ondo Nigeria, Nigeria
Title : Variability of Agricultural innovation for Climate change resilience and mitigation in sub-Sahara Africa

Abstract:

The impact of climate on agriculture has been recognized for as long as people have been farming, climate change has highlighted this dependence like never before. Temperatures are rising, rainfall
is increasing in some areas and declining in others, seasonal patterns and pest and disease distribution are changing, and extreme weather events are becoming more frequent and severe.
There is now an increasing awareness of the impact that agriculture has on climate, particularly
through production of methane and nitrous oxide—potent greenhouse gases. Agriculture produces nearly half of all methane generated by human activity, and nearly 60% of nitrous oxide emissions.
Rather than dealing with short-term weather events—droughts, floods, heat waves and cold
spells—farmers must now respond to climatic changes that will alter the way they farm irrevocably
Around the world, farmers urgently need innovations that will enable them to produce enough to
support themselves and the ever-growing global population. Their added challenge is to do so in ways
that will protect the environment, especially soil and water, and minimize agriculture’s contribution
to climate change. This paper presents examples of how this is already being done in sub-Sahara Africa and Brazil. So, these systems of sustainable intensification bring immediate benefits to smallholder farmers in terms of increased yields, while building long-term resilience by reducing the amount of water they use, and help mitigate climate change by reducing emissions of greenhouse gases and sequestering carbon in the soil. Truly a win-win-win proposition

The paper find that Farmers were able to increase yields on their remaining land by concentrating their efforts and resources on these more fertile areas, boosting food security. Household income also increased, largely because farm workers were able to take up gainful off-farm employment, broadening their livelihoods base and
increasing resilience. With climate change bringing increasing variability of rainfall and temperature

and greater risks from pests and diseases, insurance is also invaluable in protecting the food security of farming families. This paper recommend that helping raise productivity of cropland, it also helps indirectly to mitigate climate change by reducing the pressure to bring more land under cultivation. there are still a number of issues that need to be addressed to make weather-index-based insurance more effective in Sub-Sahara Africa. Any poverty reduction, resilience, and food security strategy in these contexts requires a strong focus on agriculture and the development of food value chains. It is where most people currently find the means to support their livelihoods.

Take Away Notes:
There is now an increasing awareness of the impact that agriculture has on climate, particularly

  • through production of methane and nitrous oxide—potent greenhouse gases.
  •  helping raise productivity of cropland, it also helps indirectly to mitigate climate change by reducing the pressure to bring more land under cultivation
  •  Any poverty reduction, resilience, and food security strategy in these contexts requires a strong focus on agriculture and the development of food value chains.

Biography:

Ing. Elemide Oyebola  studied Agricultural Engineering at the  University of Ibadan Oyo state Nigeria, and graduated as Msc in 2001. He then joined the  Department  of Agricultural and Bio-environmental Engineering  Federal College of Agriculture Akure Ondo Nigeria in since 2001.He is  a senior lecturer and Head of Department  of Agriculturai and Bio-enviromental l Engineering at Federal college of Agriculture Akure   since 2017  up to date. He has published more than 20 research articles in  journals.)

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