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Agri 2022

People and forests: how increasing Papua nutmeg (Myristica argentea Warb.) productivity can affect the commitment of local forest-depend communities for forest conservation in Fakfak, West Papua, Indonesia

Amalia Paramitha

Amalia Paramitha, Speaker at Agriculture Conferences 2022
Yayasan Inobu, Indonesia
Title : People and forests: how increasing Papua nutmeg (Myristica argentea Warb.) productivity can affect the commitment of local forest-depend communities for forest conservation in Fakfak, West Papua, Indonesia

Abstract:

Forests can provide important products and services, including non-timber forest products (NTFPs), which play an important role in many life aspects of forest-depend local communities for the family livelihood. In the management and utilization of forest resource products, commitment to conservation needs to be applied effectively so that the sustainability of forest resources and the welfare of forest-depend local communities are maintained. Papua nutmeg (Myristica argentea Warb.) is a local non-timber forest product that is endemic to Fakfak, West Papua, Indonesia, which is very important for the local community for generations to be utilized for daily needs or sold commercially for household income. However, Papua nutmeg develops wild or semi-cultivated in forests; hence its productivity is usually unpredictable, affecting family income and welfare. This study examines the factors that affect the productivity of Papua nutmeg in Fakfak. Nutmeg productivity was identified through production analysis from 61 nutmeg fields and 14 nutmeg hamlet locations recorded and reported during the west harvest season in 2020. A total of 22 nutmeg fields were selected to calculate the productivity and effectiveness of the harvested area. Factors such as land location, tenure, labour, and harvesting process were observed to determine the effect on nutmeg land productivity. The results showed that the average seed production was 166.42 kg per hectare. Based on the effectiveness, the average land area harvested was only 69.99% of the total. The factors of land location, labour effectiveness, and harvest process significantly affect the productivity of Papua nutmeg in the study area. Productivity will be higher when the land is located in a mountainous or forested area than in a location near the coast; more labour is involved in the harvesting process; and increasing harvest through the propagation of harvested trees. Thus, by knowing the factors that affect productivity, the local community and government can continue to utilize forest resource products without impacting deforestation so that the sustainability of forest conservation is maintained. In addition, recommendations can also be given to help increase the productivity of Papua nutmeg, which has good market potential as a local commodity of high-value non-timber forest products. However, improving the quality of Papua nutmeg products is also still needed so that Papua nutmeg products have good standards and can be marketed for world trade.

Biography:

Amalia studied Biological Resources at Mie University, Japan, and graduated with a Master of Science in 2019. She then worked at a Non-Governmental Organization called Yayasan Inobu, Indonesia, as a Research Officer in the Agri-Food Systems Division. Amalia focuses on research related to commodity development and livelihoods of local farmers in several provinces in Indonesia on regenerative agriculture systems, food agriculture systems, climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies.

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